Child Victimization

2765 WordsJun 20, 201812 Pages
According to Finkelhor et al (2005), the increasing rates of child victimization over the last few decades have created a global attention on child abuse. With these increasing rates, most countries all over the world have begun to address this situation. Most countries have enacted laws that classify child victimization cases as criminal offenses punishable according to the provisions of the law (Finkelhor et al, 2005). As noted by Giardino (2010), the increasing prevalence and consequences of child abuse calls for detailed researches and investigations across the world. This research paper explores the controversial topic on child victims. The paper describes the major types of child abuse, the extent of the problem, intergenerational…show more content…
Sexual Child Abuse According to the arguments of Diaz, Peddle, Reid & Wang (2002), sexual child abuse can be termed as the most serious form of child abuse as it can occur in nearly all environments including in the school and at the home. This form of child abuse as argued by Diaz, Peddle, Reid & Wang (2002) can be described as the engagement of an inappropriate behavior with a minor that includes rape, sexual intercourse, sexual exploitation, fondling of the minor’s genitals, incest, sodomy and encouraging the minor to fondle an adult’s private parts. Furthermore, a person who is aged and has the responsibility of taking care for the minor must perform acts that amount to sexual child abuse (Diaz, Peddle, Reid & Wang, 2002). Diaz, Peddle, Reid & Wang (2002) posit that sexual abuses to a child inflicted by strangers are termed as sexual assaults hence the criminal justice system is responsible in dealing with these cases. As noted by Diaz, Peddle, Reid & Wang (2002), the symptoms of child sexual abuse occur physically, emotionally, and behaviorally hence a sexually abused child may exhibit symptoms of pain, vaginal discharge, penile discharge, urination difficulties and in less instances physical trauma. Furthermore, there are two more types of sexual child abuse definitions: Interfamilial sexual abuse and Extrafamilia sexual abuse. Interfamilial sexual abuse includes incest and refers to any type of exploitative
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