Child and Adolescent Development

2348 Words10 Pages
Child and Adolescent Development

A child has many milestones to reach through adolescence. The success of these milestones depends on normal development. Milestones can be challenging regardless of age and size. However, some children experience abnormal development and also delays. Detecting signs of abnormal development in certain age groups requires an understanding of development milestones. Children ages two through five and subsequently fifteen through eighteen years old experience many different growth patterns. The analysis of these groups focuses on the biological, cognitive, and psychosocial changes is beneficial when seeking to understand the progressive challenges of transition from childhood to adolescence. Most parents
…show more content…
Speech is rapidly increasing by two years and is increasing in words and phrase acquisition. Monitoring and tracking acquisition and the use of words appropriately becomes critical for a child with possible abnormalities.
The toddler that is successfully reaching these milestones by the age of two will continue to develop biologically, cognitively, and psychosocially in the preschool years. Milestones in the areas of development from age two to five are a natural progression as the preschooler begins exploring the new world surroundings. The biological, cognitive, and psychosocial developments continue to develop as the child learns and develops his or her new abilities. It is common for the preschooler to be slightly delayed or a ahead in one area of development because each child gains skills and grows at his or her own pace. The biological, cognitive, and psychosocial developments continue to develop at rapid speed as the child matures, learns, and progresses (Papalia, 2008).
In these years, physical growth of the preschooler is a little slower. However, outward changes are dramatic. By age 3, the child has a full set of primary teeth. Jumping, drawing shapes, pouring liquids, and eating with silverware have been successfully achieved. By four years old the child can use the toilet alone. This accomplishment is a chief milestone in the development stage for the preschooler in addition to personal experience as a reference,
Get Access