Childhood Asthma And Its Effects

3628 Words15 Pages
Introduction The CDC reports that 6.8 million, or 9.3% of all children in the United States currently have asthma, making it the most common chronic childhood illness in the United States. It affects nearly 25% more boys than girls, and Non-Hispanic black children have nearly double the incidence of other ethnicities Also, 13% of children in poor families have asthma, compared to 8% of children in families that are not poor (CDC, 2012). Childhood asthma was responsible for 14 million lost school days in 2004 (Chipps, 2008). This paper discusses asthma and treatment as it pertains to a 13-year-old boy. Topics discussed include pathophysiology, growth and development concepts, patient assessment, management, interventions, patient and family teaching, and QSEN competencies. Pathophysiology Childhood asthma is a complex chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that involves both genetic and environmental factors, and can involve potentially permanent airway obstruction, airway hyperresponsiveness, and multicellular inflammation. During an acute episode (which vary in severity and duration), the child presents with symptoms such as wheezing, respiratory distress, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue with exertion (Linzer, 2007). A stimulus (trigger) initiates an airway response that stimulates inflammation, bronchospasm, and increased mucus production. Triggers include cold air, pollen, dust, pet dander, cigarette smoke, exercise, infection, medications,
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