Childhood Depressionn

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Childhood Depression

Empirical evidence shows that that depression disorder in children is a common condition that affects emotional, physical, and social development. Risk factors include parental conflict, a family history of depression, poor peer relationship, negative thinking, and deficit in coping skills. Treatment criteria of children and adults are the same, with the exception that children may display irritability rather than depressed or sad mood, and loss of weight may be seen as a failure gain appropriate weight milestones. Diagnosis and treatment should take into account developmental stage, suicidality, severity of depression, and social and environmental factors. The recommended therapies for mild depression
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Additionally, the age when the risk factors occur may predict depression in the future. For example, children diagnosed with health problems such as asthma and diabetes mellitus between the age of three and five are more prone to depression (Clark, Jansen, & Cloy, 2012) Table1. Risk factors for childhood depression | Biological | Psychological | Environmental | Female sex | History of suicide attempts | Poor relationship skills | Family history of depression | Emotional dependence | Decreased physical activity | Low birth weight | Negative energy | Low socioeconomic status | Obesity | | Loss of a close relative | Medical illness (e.g., asthma) | | | Sleep problems | | |

Continuities and discontinuities across development Empirical research of depression among children confirms that it is a chronic and recurrent condition (Burgić-Radmanović, 2011). Evidence of persistence of the same disorder over time (homotypic continuities) may suggest the recurrence of a single disease at different developmental stages. On the other hand, homotypic continuities may imply that either that some disease process manifest differently across developmental stages, or that one disorder acts as a risk factor for the other. There is research
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