Depression, diagnosed in children and adults is something to be taken serious. Antidepressant drugs, which can be lifesaving, are being underused in young people. Their use fell significantly after the Food and Drug Administration issued its black-box warning in October of 2004, stating that all antidepressants were associated with a risk of increased suicidal feeling, thinking and behavior in adolescents; later on that warning was extended to young adults (Friedman 1). The Food and Drug Administration-FDA ordered drug companies to place a black-box warning on antidepressant drugs, this would then allow parents to see the side effects the drug might come with. As antidepressants can have its benefits, it is not the only way to treat a mental illness like depression. The majority of parents believe antidepressant is the only treatment and that psychotherapy is a waste of time and money. “About 80 percent of people with depression respond positively to professional medical treatment--usually talk therapy, medication or a combination of both--and almost all patients gain some relief from their symptoms. Unfortunately, less than half of those with depression seek treatment(Clayton
Kovacs, M. (2003). Children 's Depression Inventory: Technical manual update. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Child & Adolescent depressive disorder treatment Today review evidence-based treatment fashion in Children and adolescents. We will also review new Suicide Prevention guidelines
Today schools are taking a much more effective role in detection of depression in the younger generations. Because school is like work for adults and is where children spend most of their days, I thought it would be appropriate to discuss a model developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner and Morris in 1979, which addresses the totality of the child’s life up to the present moment. This model gave school counselors a tool to work from while assessing the children. This model puts every aspect of the disorder on a continuum that professionals can use as a guide during questioning and diagnosis. Due to the fact that depression is hard to detect in young children, this process allows the counselor to see all symptoms present even if they don’t fit the DSM IV criteria to comprise a diagnosis. The Ecological Model takes a look at the child as a whole. This includes, home,
Depression is the most common mental disorder, not only for adults, but for children and teenagers as well. The DSM-IV classifies depression as a mood disorder. It states that an individual has suffered a “major depressive episode” if certain symptoms persist for at least two weeks, including
Antidepressant drugs taken by children have been linked to increased risk of suicide. Exasperated mental health professionals began prescribing antidepressants to children and teens in large proportions in the 1990’s, even though studied safety of such drugs for use in minors had not been conducted. Consequently, standard growth models
Either way, starting school is a huge transition in a Childs life. There are many new changes in their daily routine that they have to adapt to, such as mixing with a larger group of children, many of whom they won’t have met before. They will be expected to be more independent and do things for themselves, which can worry some children. Emotionally, not all children cope very well with the transition. I remember child K being very upset and anxious about being left in the mornings and would cling frantically to their parent to prevent them for leaving. Every morning they would have to be taken by the teacher to go and help with something so the parent could leave. The child would usually settle down and be fine for the rest of the day until home time, when they would cry again when they saw their parent. This continued on and off for the whole of the reception year. Tiredness is another factor that causes children to seem emotionally distraught. Having to cope with full days at school, and the amount of concentration that they have to give is a lot for some children, and they tend to act up, having temper outbursts and emotional upsets. They can start arguing with their friends and refuse to do activities just because they are tired and it all seems too much. By the end of their first year, most children are usually quite happy and confident and ready to move to their new class.
As children all develop at different speeds, a child that struggles at school and has not been identified as having any specific special needs, could suffer from depression thus affecting the child’s development.
• As in adults, depression in children and adolescents is treatable. Certain antidepressant medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can be beneficial to children and adolescents with MDD. Certain psychotherapy modules also have been shown to be effective. However, our awareness of antidepressant treatments in children and adolescents, though growing substantially, is incomplete compared to our knowledge about treating depression in adults.
Evidence-Based Treatments for Childhood Depression Abstract This paper discusses various published articles and literature that report on results from research conducted on the effectiveness of various approaches in treating childhood depression. The articles vary in their topics and strategies. This paper will examine each article and focus on treatments that have been proven to improve the symptoms of childhood depression.
Difficult expressing frustration. Aggressive behaviors such as kicking or punching, or may regress to an earlier stage. Persistent tantrums can be sign of regression due to stress intolerance. Withdrawn, isolation or aggressive behaviors. Stress can be cause by school exams, sport competitions, fear to failure. Depression can be cause if child feels rejected by peers or have problems with sexual identity.
Imagine living in a world of pain, your mind is a dark, scary, and dangerous place. One scribbled note from the doctor changes everything. It can bring sweet relief, the lifting of the dark fog, or a sense of being in control again. But for some, it
Treating Childhood Depression from a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Approach Depression in Children: Cognitive Behavioral Approach Patricia Kilgore University of Phoenix Depression in Children and a Cognitive Behavioral Approach Depression in children stem from a variety of factors relating to health, history, life events, genetic vulnerabilities, family history, and biochemical imbalances. Every individual shows different symptoms when
In this sample, scale internal consistency was high (Cronbach α = .89). The Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) (Kovacs, 1992), which is a widely used measure with good test-retest reliability and validity in clinical and community-based samples, was used to measure depressive symptoms among children. In this sample, scale reliability was high (Cronbach α = .82). Moreover, measures were pretested with a similar population for the higher reliability and validity.
People used to believe that children had no reason to be depressed it wasn’t till a few years ago: “No one thought that children could suffer from real depression; there wasn’t even an official diagnosis for childhood depression until 1980” (Fassler 4). But really who would have thought that such a thing could be possible. Sadly today we know that it’s a real disease and it affects more adolescents than we think: “ The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that as many as 2.5 percent of all American youngsters under the age of eighteen or over 1.5 million children and adolescents are seriously depressed” (Fassler 2).