Childhood Obesity : A Complex Health Issue

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Childhood obesity is a complex health issue in today’s society. It occurs when a child is well above the healthy weight for the average age and height. Excess weight during growing years is of great importance for at least three main reasons. First, it constitutes a risk of overweight and obesity during adult life. Second, childhood obesity correlates with adulthood risk factors for common chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other morbidities. Third, obese children already undergo many health adverse effects including orthopedic problems, sleep apnea, impaired quality of life, psychological or mental disorders, and some cardio metabolic abnormalities. One of the most important obesity-related metabolic disorders is currently known as the metabolic syndrome (Segel 2). Americans do not realize or take note in that the lifestyle we live in needs to change. This issue sadly goes unnoticed in several ways. Some contributing factors in our society include the food, technology interrupting a physical activity environment, and food marketing. Back in the day, people had to plant their crops, tend to animals and cook foods from scratch. Meals were planned according to what was planted in the garden. There was a constant labor for food. There was no such thing as “grab and go meals”. Coincidentally, the obesity rates were much less years ago before fast food came into the picture. Fast forwarding to today, you can find a fast food restaurant at every
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