There have been studies conducted to find out what has caused or what the leading factors to obesity are. Researchers are currently still doing research to find out what causes or what may be the lead to obesity. Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition which considers a child to be obese if their Body Mass Index (BMI) is at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. (Rendall., Weden, Lau, Brownell, Nazarov & Fernandes, 2014). Obesity is on a rise in the Unites States and all over the world and can lead or result to other health complications later in life. The crucial breakdown serves as an implication of outlining childhood obesity, collaborating problems of the disease and resolutions, as well as applying critical thinking to give a complete approach to deliver information on childhood obesity. This will be done through citation of scholarly articles, samples and other modes of supporting details.
A tool known as BMI (body mass index) is used by medical providers to calculate an individual 's body mass index. It calculated by measuring a child’s weight and height and the found value is then compared to percentiles relative to other children of the same age and sex. For example, if a child aged anywhere from 2-19 is “more than 85% and less than 95%” they are considered overweight. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009). This tool is not a method used to diagnosis childhood obesity but it 's a valuable way to measure the prevalence of obesity worldwide.
The term overweight rather than obese is often used in children as it is less stigmatizing. Changing diet and decrease of physical activity are believed to be the two most important causes of the increase in obesity rate in children (Bessesen,
These include weight-for-age, weight-for-height, BMI-for-age, and triceps skinfoldforage, among others. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) uses the same guidelines for BMI-for-age as the CDC to define childhood obesity and states that for children older than two years, BMI is an acceptable measure to assess obesity” (Perpich, K.J, P.A.-C, Russ, R., Rizzolo, D., & Sedrak, M., 2011).
“Total costs for childhood obesity are estimated at eleven billion for children with private insurance and three billion for children with Medicaid (Mulheron, Joyal, Vonasek 13).” According to Centers for Disease and Prevention, childhood obesity is a medical condition in which weight significantly exceeds what is normal for age and height (Crothers, Kehle, Bray, Theodore 787). Childhood obesity is calculated according to a child’s body mass index. The formula used to calculate body mass index is formed by dividing children’s weight by their height squared. Therefore, every child’s body mass index is then compared to a standard chart, averaged from other children in the same age category. “Children whose BMI exceeds 25-30 kg/m2 are
In adults the body mass index or BMI is used to calculate a person’s body fat by using the weight and height of the adult. In children, the BMI method is also used to find out a child’s body fat and to determine if a child is obese. But since a child’s body fat can change as they age there are other things that are took into account when determining if a child is obese. When a doctor is looks at a child’s BMI he also must take into account the gender of the child because girls and boys body fat differs. Also the doctor must look at the age of the child because they amount of body fat a child has changes as they grow. Therefore, a doctor with take the BMI of child and compare it with other children their age and gender based on a national standard scale. When a child is in the ninety-fifth percentile or above on the BMI growth chart for their gender and age then a doctor will diagnose the child as obese (Bernstein, 2014).
Having an unhealthy eating diet such as fast food, chips, soda, and baked goods all can have an impact on a child’s weight gain. Chains of fast food restaurants such Mcdonald's, Taco Bell, Burger King, and Wendy’s, target young people. For example, there is a young child watching television and a commercial comes on, these commercials corrupt the child’s mind and portrays that it is healthy to it eat when it's not. In addition, parents will buy their kids this junk food because it is cheaper than buying
Their BMI (Body Mass Index) chart for children is only compared to the height and weight to other children of the same age and sex. Childhood obesity has grown over the years, having researchers querying if parents are incriminating for these habits, which led the children into obesity, children are eating too much. Child is an example of the environment; it can be genetic or parent lifestyles. If the parent is not doing anything to avert obesity, children are going to follow the same habits, cerebrating it is okay which led to the growing number of obesity in childhood. According to National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, a normal body mass index is lower than 25%. People who are considered obese have a body mass index in the range of 25% to 29.9% more than their body weight. The term obese is used to define children, who are 2 to 18 years of age whose body mass index is higher than the 95th percentile of the age-gender-concrete body mass index, which was conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Having a body mass index lower than the 85th percentile for his age puts the toddler at a rate of
Childhood obesity is defined as having a age and sex specific Body Mass Index (BMI) at or above 95th percentile. The prevalence of childhood obesity has risen dramatically with the increase more than triple since the 1970 in the United States. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about one in five children from age six to nineteen are in obese. The consequences of childhood obesity include high blood pressure and high cholesterol, these are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease; type 2 diabetes mellitus, fatty liver disease, gallstone, and breathing problems such as asthma and obstructive sleep apnea. If children are obese will more likely to become adults with obesity, and their obesity and risk factors
One of the serious public health issues in the United State is obesity in children.”Obesity a condition with an excess accumulation and storage of fat content in the body is also defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex. (CDC, 2014). The rationale to choose this specific population is that obesity increases the risk for any serious physical complication in children such as diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sleep disorders, breathing problems, hepatic
According to Davidson and Alic “childhood obesity has doubled in the last twenty years” (Davidson and Alic 15-16). The body mass index (BMI) is a scale that is used to calculate the health range of children over
Obesity possess a lot of risk factors, especially if it is brought on during the adolescent stage. A child’s body mass index is very important because the BMI shows how children are not able to grow with their weight. Being obese as a child also increases the likelihood of being obese as an adult. This is hazardous to health as one ages. There can be potential cardiovascular problems, metabolic syndrome, type two diabetes, etc., (Kelsey, et al). As the risk factors of childhood obesity develop by day, the efforts to cure and prevent this disease are rising as well. According to Tomlin, nutritionists recommend children and parents to follow a healthy lifestyle, which include timely meals, proper exercise and the right food choices (Weight Control for a Young America: Prevention and Solutions for Childhood Obesity/
Those terms are defined as follows: overweight means a body mass index (BMI) at or above the 85th percentile and below the 95th percentile for other children of the same age and sex cohort, while obesity is at or above the 95th percentile (“Basics About Childhood Obesity,” 2012). When one considers that the cohort as a whole has been gaining weight compared to earlier generations, the problem is underscored. The specific percentages from the CDC are even more sobering: “The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the percentage of [obese] adolescents….increased from 5% to nearly 21% over the same period” (“Childhood Obesity Facts,” 2014, n.p.).
Obesity for children is defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) > 95th percentile for age and gender. Mothers are classified as obese when their BMI is over 30Kg/m2, or non-obese when the BMI is under 30kg/m2, on the basis of Body Mass Index calculated in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Within the past three decades, the childhood obesity rate has increased three-hundred percent (Crouse par. 3). This also means that ten percent of children worldwide are overweight or obese (“Childhood Obesity” par. 33). According to the Centers for Disease Control being overweight is defined as, “having excess body weight for a particular height from fat, muscle, bone, water or a combination of these factors.” On the other hand, they define obesity as having excess body fat (“Child Obesity Facts” par.1). A child is determined as overweight or obese when total body weight is more than twenty-five percent in boys and thirty-two percent in girls (Green ??). Childhood obesity is not just something that influences someone’s life as an