Childhood Obesity : An Epidemic

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In the United States, childhood obesity is an epidemic and in the past 30 years, childhood obesity have had nearly tripled. There are 31 % of American children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. And according to the numbers, more than 23 million of American children are either overweight or obese and more than 12 million are obese (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2013). The complications of obesity in the childhood period are broad, those include but limited to: hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, heart disease, cancer, asthma, psychosocial problems, and obstructive sleep apnea. The annual cost of childhood obesity in the U.S. is $14 billion that result from direct health expenses, and this will maximize the burdens on health care budget of the United States. So, without implementation of prevention programs for childhood obesity, a financial disaster would occur in the nation. The risk factors for obesity in children include: poor diet, lack of exercise, while the main contributing factors for childhood obesity are lack of healthy options in schools, lack of physical education, lack of open space for safe recreation activities, lack of parental knowledge and low rates of breastfeeding, fatty food industry marketing due to social and cultural factors, and availability of low price beverages (CDC, 2014). The rates of obesity among U.S. children are alarming to take actions; in 2012, the obesity has raised from 7% in 1980 to 18% in ages 6-12 year

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