Childhood Obesity : An Extreme Contemporary Issue

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Childhood obesity has become an extreme contemporary issue not just in our country but across the nation and world. The increase in childhood obesity over recent years including the accompanying health problems and costs is a cumulative concern among healthcare professionals, the government and parents. A child is defined as obese if their BMI percentile is more than 95% or 85% for overweight children. ***REMEMBER INTRO AT END*** According to WHO (2014) the number of overweight or obese children ages 0 to 5 years increased from 32 million globally in 1990 to 42 million in 2013. The majority of obese children live in developing countries as the increase in obesity prevalence in these countries is 30% higher than that of developed countries. They also stated that if trends continue as they are the number of overweight or obese children will increase to 70 million by 2025, globally. This is an increase of 28 million in only 12 years which is extremely worrying. In *** year. 22% of primary 1 children in Northern Ireland were overweight or obese. The statistics were considerably high for females at 25% although males who were overweight or obese in primary one was 7% lower than females at 18%. Although, in England *** the percentage of overweight/obese females in reception year is lower than males which is quite interesting and has got me wondering why the percentage of overweight/obese females is higher than males in Northern Ireland but not in England although I have not found
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