Childhood Obesity : Argentina, Argentina

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Childhood Obesity in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Malaijah D. Thompson
University of California, Los Angeles

Childhood Obesity in Buenos Aires, Argentina
There are many indicators of poverty. One indicator of poverty is obesity; it mostly affects families in low socioeconomic levels. Obesity has become an epidemic rising across the globe. Recently, childhood obesity is becoming a prevailing problem in the urban areas in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Argentina’s rates are rising at a level that is equal to the United States of America. Obesity being defined as having a Body Mass Index of over 30- Body Mass Index is based on the relationship between the height and weight of a person and should ideally be between 18.5 and 24.9 (Cole, Bellizzi, Flegal, & Dietz, 2000). Shifts in diet and physical activity patterns have affected the low- and moderate-income developing countries over the last two decades (Herscovici, Kovalskys, & De Gregorio, 2013). There is evidence that a high intake of sweetened beverages and high-fat/high-sugar foods, coupled with a low intake of fruits and vegetables and increased sedentary behavior, is associated with obesity (Herscovici, Kovalskys, & De Gregorio, 2013).
Industrialization and Food System
In Argentina 35 percent of the children are obese (Harvard School of Public Health, n.d.). Obesity coexists with industrialization. Industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian
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