Childhood Obesity. Childhood Obesity Is A Growing Problem

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Childhood Obesity

Childhood obesity is a growing problem in the United States. Childhood obesity is defined as a child being at or above the 95th percentile for the child’s age and sex (Dietz, 1998). According to the Center of Disease Control “Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012” (CDC, 2017). There are several behavioral and environmental factors that affect childhood obesity as a health problem. It’s important to identify a problem, examine how behaviors can be changed, and find various determinants that may influence specific behaviors in
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These statistics alone are the main reasons we need to focus on children. Not only for this, but also childhood obesity has a significant relation to that person being obese as an adult.
In men who were obese during adolescence, all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease and colon cancer were increased. In both men and women obese during adolescence, rates of cardiovascular disease and diabetes were increased. Among women but not men obese during adolescence, obesity has a variety of adverse psychosocial consequences (Dietz, 1998).
The prevalence of obesity in St. Louis City is 10.7% and 8.6% in St. Louis County. Though Missouri as a whole has a prevalence of 12.0%, we wanted to focus on an area that did not have as much access as other cities or counties due to various social determinants.
Based on an graph from Cynthia Ogden et al from Jama Network, it showed that boys of Hispanic race aged 2-19 years old, are the most obese of all other races. However, we will be focusing on all races and genders because of equality and the mass amount of childhood obesity in general.
There are many behavior and environmental factors that link to obesity within youth. Our plan is to focus on sedentary lifestyles and poor nutrition due to zoning laws within their zip code. An article from Obesity: A Research Journal states “If obese parents of at-risk children reduce access to low-nutrient dense foods available in the shared family
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