Childhood Obesity and Its Effect

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Childhood obesity is considered to be a serious issue among our youth. Obesity can cause many types of physical problems, which most are aware of, but it can also cause some undesirable internal feelings within children and adolescents who suffer from it. Self-esteem, or self-worth, is important as it helps develop personality and is a major ingredient to our mental health status (Wang, F. and Veugelers, P. J., 2008). Some have said obesity may even have a negative effect on cognitive development, as well. There have been studies performed to research the effects of obesity on children and adolescents, which I am going to review. First, let me discuss some statistics that have been measured by the Center for Disease Control and…show more content…
Not only could depression result from these feelings of worthlessness, but depending on the child or adolescent and their desire to be accepted, they could be more prone to developing an eating disorder later in life ( Phillips, F., 2012). Research has revealed that obesity has been linked to abnormalities in the makeup of brain tissue and the function of it. Also, there have been animal studies on a part of the brain known as the cerebellum. In this study, it was discovered that the cells of the cerebellum are affected by external stimuli in the environment ( Miller, J. L., Couch, J., Schwenk, K., Long, M., Towler, S., Theriaque, D. W., & Leonard, C. M., 2009). The effects of obesity on cognitive development have been investigated to see if the claims that obesity causes a cognitive developmental delay are accurate. Miller, Couch, Schwenk, Long, Towler, Theriaque, and Leonard conducted a study by measuring total cerebellar volume by way of MRI. They ran these tests on individuals with Prader Willi Syndrome ( with a known reason for obesity in the child) and early onset obesity with an unknown cause. Both of these conditions are characterized by excessive weight. They also brought in their siblings of both groups with normal body weight as a control group. Because we know Prader Willi Syndrome is a congenital disorder with a known cause for obesity and cognitive developmental delays, the results of the
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