Children And Obesity

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31% of children aged between 2 and 19, according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), are overweight. Half of this population is considered to be obese. The rates of obesity, however, vary by age. 8 percent of children between 2 and 5 are obese. Among those between 6 and 11, 18 percent of these children are obese (Segal, Rayburn, & Alejandra, 2016). Finally, 21 percent of those 12 and 19 years are obese. As mentioned before, obesity among children between 2 and 5 are decreasing. But those among age groups 11 and 19 are increasing. This may explain the constant rate of obesity among children.
Variation in Gender, Race and Ethnicity
The prevalence of obesity appears to have levelled off since 2003. However,
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Research shows that in 2012, the prevalence of the overweight and obese children is greater among the publicly insured that those who are privately insured. The prevalence among both is 42 percent and 27.3 percent respectively. Among those who are uninsured, the prevalence of overweight children increased from 32.4 percent to 37.6 percent between 2007 and 2012 (Segal, Rayburn, & Alejandra, 2016). Health insurance is correlated with better health conditions.
Factors Associated With Overweight and Obesity
Obesity is considered to be caused by different factors including genetic, environmental, and behavioural. Other factors can be mitigated at the individual and family level. Such factors include the amount of energy intake, the amount of physical activity, and sedentary behaviour. Obesity results from positive energy, where one takes in more calories burned. Research shows that the quality of diet remains poor among children with poor socioeconomic status. The overall diet quality, however, in the United States still remains poor. The prevalence of sugary drinks and food in children’s diet is a significant factor. The dietary guidelines for Americans claim that solid fat intake and added sugars are above the healthy recommendations (Government of the District of Columbia Department of Health, 2014). Intakes of essential nutrients such as calcium, potassium, dietary fibre

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