Children Effective Behavior Modifications

1045 Words Jan 30th, 2018 4 Pages
Punishment on children elicits polarising opinions from general public, legislators and researchers alike. Consequently, significant research has been conducted on punishment including corporal punishment (CP), its application and impacts. This review aims to provide selection of literature exploring its effectiveness as behaviour modification strategy in children. Punishment is effective if target behaviour has reduced (short term efficacy) and sustained (long term efficacy) with negligible undesirable outcomes/impacts. For sustained efficacy, understanding and acceptance of punishment by child (Grusec & Goodnow,1994) would also be required.

Acceptance and understanding of punishment

Recent studies showed that younger children rated physical punishment such as spanking fairer (Vittrup & Holden,2010) and gender didn't influence determination of punishment's fairness (Leman & Björnberg, 2010).

Vittrup & Holden (2010) investigated spanking, reasoning, withdrawing privileges and timeout to determine which methods were fair punishment with 108 children of 6-10 years old. The study confirmed all the hypotheses except no significant difference was found for SES and spanking exposure. Children recognised spanking was most effective short term behaviour modification method due to its fear factor and for long term efficacy, reasoning remained best. The…
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