Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

993 WordsMar 17, 20174 Pages
According to National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Autism is defined as a spectrum disorder (ASD). It refers to a wide range of complex neurodevelopment conditions characterized by repetitive and distinctive patterns of behavior and difficulties with social skills, communication, and interaction. The symptoms start from early childhood and affect daily functioning. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) approximates ASD’s prevalence as 1 in 68 children in the United States. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, Autistic disorder, Rett’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorders not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)…show more content…
On the other hand, the hypothesis that children with ASD would demonstrate more physiological distress compared to TD children was validated for NS-SCR frequency but not for SCL. A significantly higher electro dermal arousal was seen only for NS-SCR. These results therefore incompletely validate the hypothesis that children with ASD would be more uncooperative than TD children always activating their sympathetic nervous system in this time of stress. It was observed that physiological stress is notably interrelated with behavioral distress in children with ASD. As physiological stress increases so did behavioral distress. This was not seen in the TD children. A possible reason for this is their better coping mechanisms. Uncooperative behavior in the TD group was correlated only with age. As the child’s age decrease, the greater uncooperative behavior was noted. Uncooperative behavior was strongly correlated with impairments in communication and expression in children with ASD. This suggest that the dentist’s ability to give instructions may be restricted, and the child’s ability to communicate choices, needs, fears, and pain to the dentist may be likewise compromised. Children with ASD will possibly benefit from conventional behavioral management strategies that rely on communication such as tell-show-do, visual aids, voice control, nonverbal communication, and verbal positive reinforcement. The second study I chose
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