Children With Disabilities Act ( Ada )

1222 WordsApr 29, 20175 Pages
Before 1990 the United States did not systematically have tools or laws in place for Deaf individuals. In 1991, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) – a civil rights law was implemented across the U.S [with four sections] that prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities including deaf and hearing impaired people. The purpose of the ADA is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. Each section of the ADA – employment, government, public accommodations, and telecommunications – lists services that should be provided for deaf individuals (“Rights of Deaf”). In 2008, amendments to this law were made which changed definitions of “disability”. “With any new law,…show more content…
“In 1975, Tom Humphries invented the term ‘audism’ to describe an oppressive attitude that some people, agencies, businesses, or organizations have towards people who are deaf or hard of hearing” (). “Audism is discrimination or prejudice that is based on a person’s ability, or lack of ability, to hear.” Sometimes audism is manifested through negative expectations or views about deaf or hearing-impaired persons, ignorance or lack of service to provide reasonable accommodations and inappropriate, negative, or lower expectations of success (“What is ‘Audism’?”). Issues of paternalism also arise with Deaf and hearing impaired communities that mirror attitudes and actions of racism, sexism, ethnocentrism and basic forms of discrimination. Despite the perceived limitations of being Deaf or hearing impaired and various forms of oppression and social injustice, Deaf Americans identify themselves as members of a cultural community and linguistic group – which highly values literacy. Through the use of American Sign Language (ASL), Deaf and hearing impaired individuals and groups are given a unique way to express themselves personally – and with that, a totally different way to communicate through hands, faces and bodies without the use of sound. “Deaf culture focuses on the stimulation of the eyes and the enhanced visual
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