Children With Down Syndrome : A Developmental Disorder

1615 WordsApr 30, 20167 Pages
Introduction Down Syndrome is a developmental disorder caused by an error in the process of cell division. This disorder is characterized by an extra copy of chromosome 21 (trisomy)(Segal & Pesco, 2015). It is the most common chromosomal disorder and affects 1 in 700 live births (Ramia, Musharrafieh, Khaddage, & Sabri, 2014). According to Segal and Pesco (2015), Down Syndrome is characterised by physical features such as distinct facial characteristics, low muscle tone; conditions such as congenital heart disease; and Intellectual Disability with IQs typically ranging from 30 to 70. One of the striking characteristics in individuals with Down Syndrome is poor speech and language abilities (Loveall, Channell, Phillips, Abbeduto, & Conners, 2016). Segal and Pesco(2015) argues that children with Down Syndrome show delays in pre-linguistic communication and reciprocal eye contact during infancy despite their high levels of social interest. Children with Down Syndrome have various pragmatic strengths for example they stay on topic and respond to requests for clarification. Thus, this stereotyped perception that children with Down Syndrome have good pragmatic skills as they are highly sociable with good people skills has led to a dearth in literature in this area. This has led to an assumption that their social understanding is intact(Cebula, Moore, & Wishart, 2010). One such area where there is a paucity in research among children with Down Syndrome is emotion recognition from

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