Children 's First Encounters With Literacy

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Literacy is a fundamental skill that all children are required to acquire in order to become effective collaborators and communicators in the 21st century. It is imperative that all children grasp the basic foundational literacy skills such as reading and writing to succeed in today’s world. Children’s first encounters with literacy typically begin in the home environment followed by early childhood education where emergent literacy learning is extended, before, children transition into the primary school environment where they begin to ascertain and further enhance their knowledge and skills in reading and writing. Early childhood settings and primary schools have set curriculum frameworks in place to effectively guide educators in what…show more content…
Literacy skills and expectations continue to transform with the growing use of ICTs in today’s society. Consequently, the methodologies to teach students to learn to read and write have modified over time. For instance, learning to read and write are no longer exclusively taught as processing print because of the increasing impacts ICT’s have on children’s everyday experiences (Unsworth, 2008). Thus, early childhood centres and primary schools are now aiming to incorporate a range of multi-literacy and multimodal approaches including; music, ICT, drama, media, visual, gestural and spatial modes, etc. into the classroom to ensure each child has the opportunity to engage in their preferred method of learning to succeed at literacy outcomes and make sense of their world (Department of Education Employment and Workplace Relations [DEEWR], 2009; Yelland, O’Rourke & Harrison, 2008). Therefore, reading and writing in the 21st century is a complex process where children do more than merely process print, learn to write and spell correctly; they are expected to confidently and effectively communicate the English language in a variety of ways to different audiences, utilising a range modes and digital resources in the classroom environment and as a member of society (DEEWR, 2009; Tompkins, Campbell, Green & Smith, 2015).
Subsequently, early childhood centres strive to maintain a holistic approach when teaching emergent literacy skills by focusing on the
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