Children's Literature

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1. Introduction 3
2. Early History 6
The Greek and Roman Eras: 50 B.C.-A.D. 500 6
The Middle Ages: 500-1500 6
The Renaissance: 1500-1650 7
The Rise of Puritanism and John Locke: Late 1600s 8
3. Beginning of Children’s Literature: Late 1700s 10
4. Fairy and Folk Tales 12
The Golden Age of Children’s Literature: Late 1800s 12
5. Victorian Children's Literature 16
6. Contemporary Children's Literature 18
6. Analysis of Harry Potters’ series 21
7. Conclusion 30
8. Summary 31
Children’s Literature Definitions 31
The Ancient World [ancient Rome; 50 BCE to 500 CE] 31
The Middle Ages [500 to 1500 CE] 31
The European Renaissance [1500-1650 CE] 32
The 17th Century 34
The 18th and Early 19th Centuries 35
The Victorians: The Golden Age 36
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John Rowe Townsend once argued that the only practical definition of a children's book is one that appears on the children's list by a publisher. Contemporary publishers are not making that distinction any easier; for example, Maurice Sendak's Outside Over There (1981) was published as a picture book for both children and adults, and J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series is available in adult and children's versions with the only difference being the book's cover art. While folk and Fairy Tales were not originally intended for children, they have become a staple of children's literature since the early nineteenth century. On the other hand, many books written for and widely read by children during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are considered historical children's literature today and are read almost exclusively by adult scholars of children's literature. Children's literature has been written, illustrated, published, marketed, and purchased consistently by adults to be given to children for their edification and entertainment. Generally speaking, it is the intended audience rather than the producers of the texts who define the field. Children's texts written by child or adolescent authors, such as Daisy Ashford's The Young Visiters(1919) or Anne Frank's Het Achterhuis (1947; The Diary of a Young Girl, 1952), are exceptions to the rule. Many famous children's authors, such as Louisa May
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