China And Japan During The 19th And 20th Century

1990 WordsMay 7, 20178 Pages
China and Japan in the 19th and 20th Century China and Japan had fallen on hard times leading up to the 19th and 20th Century. Both China and Japan reigned as perhaps the two most successful countries in east Asia for most of their storied histories. China had been the center of trade between the west and east for hundreds of years, and economically was as wealthy as one could imagine. Japan, residing on an island off the coast of Korea, was traditionally rather isolated through its rule by Shoguns and Samurai. However, several factors led to their eventual downfalls before they could recover. For China, a corrupt Qing rule, unbalanced trade relations with the west, and a country-wide opium crisis had set China back tremendously. Japan’s…show more content…
This would lead to an “unending series of defeats,” including the “British in 1942, the French and British jointly between 1856 and 1860, and by the French again in 1864,” and the Japanese in 1894 (Spence 35). Revolutionary efforts led by men like Kang Youwei and Sun Yat Sen would eventually overthrow the Qing Dynasty. Even after several failed uprisings, Sun Yat Sen was still able to maintain a, “steady stream of support of new followers, and he was always able to get enough funds from overseas Chinese,” (Spence 110-111). On the first of January, 1911, Sun Yat Sen and his fellow revolutionaries would found the Republic of China (Spence 135). In 1945, after emerging victorious in a conflict with Japan, China’s Nationalist and Communist Parties would enter into a civil war, with Mao Zedong and the communists winning the conflict and founding the People’s Republic of China in 1949 (Spence 359). China under Mao would be subjected to killings and acts of propaganda meant to control a population being molded for communism. Mao’s legacy is a strange one. Even though he did help give many Chinese more rights than ever before, his willingness to keep the population under control would create a very controversial China to say the least (Spence 387). Japan’s political structure during the 19th and 20th Century would shift dramatically just as China’s did. After hundreds of years of rule by a Tokugawa feudal system, Japan was isolated and there was much division within the
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