Essay on China: History, Politics and Economy of this Great Country

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China is an East Asian country roughly the size of the United States of America that boasts a history of great achievements. Nestled between Mongolia to the north and India and Vietnam to the south, China has a land area of approximately nine and a half million square kilometers (CIA - The World Factbook -- China). In all, China is bordered by thirteen countries including Afghanistan, North Korea, and the Russian Federation. China is accredited as being the oldest constant world civilization. Records dating as far back as 3,500 years have been collected. Successive dynasties gifted to China bureaucratic control of the country. This benefited China because it gave the country an advantage over the neighboring countries that were mainly …show more content…
It was in 1644 when the last dynasty of China was established. The Manchu’s overthrew the national Ming dynasty and implemented the Qing dynasty. Under this dynasty, Beijing was established as the capital. China experienced a time of prosperity under the last dynasty. Then, in the 19th century, Qing power weakened and the prosperity diminished (History of China). After the Qing dynasty dissolved, China became a republic with early leaders including General Yuan Shikai, Sun Yat-sen, and Chiang Kai-shek. During the 1920’s there were two prominent parties in China—the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Chiang Kai-shek was the leader of the KMT and Mao Zedong became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party. Civil war broke out amongst the two parties and eventually led to Chiang Kai-shek fleeing to Taiwan to form the Republic of China (History of China). Mao Zedong had the mainland of China and it became known as the People’s Republic of China. During Mao’s reign, China witnessed the “Great Leap Forward” and the Cultural Revolution. China has developed from an agrarian society to a booming industrial society. In recent years, China has become decisively committed to economic reform and opening to the Western world. China’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) purchasing power parity is $8.767

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