China

677 Words Aug 2nd, 2015 3 Pages
Leonard Bilal Blacklock
AC0325687
World Civilizations I (HS150)
Lesson 6
Assignment 6
03/04/2015

Sui Dynasty (589 – 618 CE) was a short lived Imperial Chinese dynasty, preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties. It unified China for the first time after nearly four centuries of north-south division. It was followed by the Tang Dynasty. Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the capital was Chang’an. His reign saw the reunification of Southern and Northern China and the construction of the Grand Canal, connecting the Yellow and Yangtze River for easy trading. The canal was used to carry rice and other agricultural products. Wendi was the first emperor to build a centralized government, created legal codes (social security);
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Taizhong ruled 636 to 649 most admired emperors. (Wikipedia, 2015).
The arts flourished during the Tang Dynasty. It was during this time that poetry became an integral part of the Chinese culture. Poetry was a required study for those who wished to pass the civil service exams. Talented poets were well-respected and often recited their poetry as entertainment at parties. Some of the great poets in Chinese history lived during this time such as Li Bai, Du Fu, Li Po, and Wang Wei.

While the Tang Dynasty is most famous for its poetry, other arts also became popular during this time. Many forms of literature were written including short stories, encyclopedias, and histories. Also painting was very popular and the era produced famous painters such as Wu Daozi, Wang Wei (also a famous poet), and Zhou Fang.

Song Dynasty (960-1279), it succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, and was followed by the Yang Dynasty. It was the first government in world history it issue banknotes or paper money, and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also saw the first known use of gunpowder, as well as first discernment of true north using a compass. In the Tang and Song dynasties China began more trading. They exported tea, silk, porcelain, and many unique items. They used canals and the ocean to trade with nearby countries, and

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