China Sea Research Paper

5858 Words24 Pages
Introduction
The current global security climate is one of unease and uncertainty. An aggressive Russia, an unsettled Middle East, and a resurgent China all pose threats to American national interests. The Islamic State undoubtedly invokes the greatest amount of fear in the hearts of the world, but it may be the rise of China that truly tests American resolve. The China Sea is of extreme economic, political and military importance to the United States. This is evident from the Obama administration’s strategic “pivot” to Asia, the recent Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the U.S.S Lassen challenging China’s territorial claims to the Spratley Islands. America’s security guarantees in the region also include some of the oldest and most valuable
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The GDPs of China, Japan, Indonesia and South Korea rank first, fourth, ninth and thirteenth in the world. If China's neighbor, India is included, then one third of the world's GDP is located in the region. One third of the world's natural gas flows through the South China Sea, over one half of the world's commercial shipping passes through the Indo-pacific region, three fifths of the world's population lives in Asia and one quarter of the world's trade passes through the Straits of Malacca. In terms of trade with the United States, China, Japan and South Korea represent the second, fourth and sixth largest trade partners in the…show more content…
As the heart of the Carrier Strike Group (CSG) and Seventh Fleet, the aircraft carrier must carry its 100,000 ton weight in this fight. The CSG must find a way to counter the A2/AD threat in order to be an effective tool in the South China Sea, and the reported $14 billion dollar price tag says that it better. The planned composition of a Carrier Air Wing (CVW) consists of 3 FA-18E/F, 1 F/A-18G, 1 F-35C, 1 E-2D, and 2 MH-60 squadrons. The scope of this research is limited to the need to protect the carrier strike group from attacking aircraft and striking ground and sea based targets on the Chinese coast. For this intent, the capabilities and limitations of the E-2D and MH-60 are not of immediate concern. However, it is important to fully analyze not only the capabilities, but the limitations of the strike-fighter aircraft in the air wing. Each FA-18E/F squadron consists of 12 aircraft that have the ability to perform both the air-to-air and air-to-ground role as well as perform airborne refueling. The requirement to perform airborne refueling is extremely important as the S-3 Viking was removed from service in 2009. The FA-18E/F has a limited combat radius of less than 400nm without airborne refueling, considerably less than what would be required to strike any targets under the 1200nm protective ring of Chinese DF-21 missiles. A
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