China: The Start of a New Era for Wal-Mart Global Expansion

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WalMart in China Introduction WalMart's approach to global expansion exemplifies the journey of self-discovery many corporations who have a stable, profitable domestic base of operations go through as they attempt to enter new markets globally. For WalMart this meant confronting the exceptionally high level of ethnocentrism in their organization while also using their analytics-based prowess to better understand cultures, not just costs and profits (Ming-Ling, Donegan, Ganon, Kan, 2011). The intent of this analysis is to define how WalMart overcame a significant series of challenges and successfully launched into China, overcoming an ethnocentric mindset and tendency to rely too much on analytics alone in guiding global expansion. Lessons Learned From WalMart's Global Expansion: Failing Fast Pays WalMart's initial international expansion has historically seen more failures than successes. Starting in Germany, WalMart pushed the boundaries of cultural norms by insisting on having large superstores that consolidated hundreds of product lines together, while also ignoring the local union laws regarding hourly work schedules (Christopherson, 2007). The German government and most importantly, customers, rejected the store as they preferred to have a series of smaller retailers to purchase from. When news of the hourly schedule conflicts with the German unions became widespread news throughout the country, WalMart was forced to sell the companies it had acquired as part of

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