China: Then and Now Essay

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The Chinese dynastic system was highly admired for its vast structural integrity which allowed it to persevere for more than two millennia. The Xia Dynasty was the first recorded dynasty in Chinese history, founded by a man named Shun who renounced his throne to his trusted official Yu. Rather than pass the power to someone qualified for the position, Yu then entrusted the Dynasty to his son Qi, setting the precedence for the Dynastic rule. 1 This ushered in the Hereditary System which was followed by many dynasties to come. Under the hereditary system the power was passed down through the family members. This system also had an added benefit of ensuring stability and continuity within the nation’s infrastructure.2 However in the later…show more content…
If the rulers began to do poorly, Heaven was believed to show their depreciation with natural disasters. Upon the observation of these signs, the nobles would overthrow the current Dynasty which would be followed by another that was believed to have obtained the lost Mandate from the previous tyrannical rulers. 6 The cycle of rulers followed this trend, summarizing the succession of dynasties in early China. In essence, the belief in the Mandate of Heaven empowered the success of the dynastic system, instilling stability of infrastructure where stability was lost through riots and the inability of the rulers.7 This stability among the Chinese people even allowed the successful control of China under alien peoples.8 The Mongols, an ethnic group north of China, successfully ruled the Chinese for many years by conquering their dynasties with brute force. The first major Mongolian dynasty was referred to as the Yuan Dynasty, prevalent from 1264 to 1368.9 However, Mongolian rule over the Chinese citizens was not maintained through the same aggressiveness they used to first conquer them. The Mongols understood that in order to have control within an alien country, they must adopt some of the established customs. They not only accepted and incorporated Chinese customs
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