China-U.S. Bilateral Relations

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Background: Relation between the Peoples Republic of China and the United States have generally been stable with some period of tension, especially after the breakup of the Soviet Union which removed the common enemy and ushered in a world characterized by American dominance. There are also concerns which relate to Human Rights in the PRC and the political status of Taiwan. While there are some irritants in China-U.S relation, there are also many stabilizing factors. The PRC and the U.S are major trade partners and have common interest in the prevention and suppression of terrorism and preventing nuclear proliferation. China is also the foreign creditor; China’s challenges and difficulties are mainly
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Each insisting on their own government legitimacy but, the Taiwanese position has eroded over the past few decades as the People’s Republic (PR) has gained international prominence. Taiwan’s softened position is spelled out in its 1991 Guidelines for International Unification which insists only that a unified China must be “Democratic’ and “Free” not necessarily led by Taiwan. The People’s Republic position remains fundamentally unchanged. The controversy dated back to 1949 when the victorious communist established the PRC on the mainland and the defeated nationalist fled to Taiwan, where they continued to claim sovereignty over all of China.

U.S Role: Following the talks between President Richard Nixon and Chairman Tse-tong in 1972, the U.S endorsed the One China Policy in the Shanghai communiqué, issued jointly with the People’s Republic. The communiqué stated that “All Chinese on either side of the Taiwan straight maintain there is but one China, and Taiwan is a part of China.” The U.S does not challenge the position while the U.S endorsement did not specify which government was legitimate. President Carter formally recognized Beijing as the sole government of China in 1978 and posed its embassy in Taiwan the next year. While the U.S officially adheres to the OCP, it practice a De-facto two china policy. Under the 1979 Taiwan Relation Act, the U.S sells Taiwan military weapons and, the language of the act warns the People’s Republic that any coercive
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