Essay on China and Taiwan

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China and Taiwan Historically, the Taiwan problem originated after the Nationalist and Communist Chinese re-ignited the Civil War. They had previously settled their disputes temporarily, to defend the invasion of the Japanese in the 1930s. The Civil War started again in 1946, only a year after fighting ceased at the end of the Second World War. The Communists were commanded by Mao Tse Tung, and the Nationalists were being lead by Chiang Kia-Shek. However, the Nationalists had the advantage of US support. The US were already concerned with the growing levels of Communism worldwide, and were determined not to let China also fall to Communism. The USA saw China as a major world superpower that had the potential to influence other, smaller …show more content…
However America, being allied to the Nationalists, became forced into a war by proxy with Russia. Both sides had allies that were enemies with each other, but America and Russia were not direct enemies. When the Communists took control over China and defeated the Nationalists, Both the USA and USSR were very surprised. America had supported the Nationalists by giving them money and resources to defend against the Communists. Although the USSR had China as an ally, their leader Stalin was nervous. China was one of the main world superpowers at the time, and could easily turn against them. Two million Nationalists then retreated to the Island of Taiwan. They feared a naval attack from the Communists, and so America intervened. The USA sent a naval fleet (The US 7th Fleet) to patrol the waters linking mainland China with Taiwan. This is possibly the main reason why mainland China has not invaded Taiwan. If they did so, they would have to face the American Fleet first. America wanted the people on Taiwan to build up a large enough army that together they could re-invade mainland China. Today, this is more of a challenge as China has evolved into a bigger and stronger nation. America is no longer more powerful than China. Chiang Kia-Shek had ambitions to keep control of Quemoy and Matsu. They were small islands but were extremely close to the shore of mainland China. Trying to hold these islands provoked mainland China, and they could easily be shelled. They were
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