China 's Justice System And Its International Police Cooperation

1573 WordsFeb 12, 20177 Pages
The United States is a powerhouse when it comes to laws and regulations and is constantly being compared to other countries. From the origins of our justice system, which originated in England, to what it has become today, can be said to be a culmination of laws and adaptations of laws from other countries. This may be true, but other countries also model our ways of being and others just hate our legal system. Many countries do not take rights of citizens into account like the United States does and this is a major problem. The United States justice system believes that you are innocent until proven guilty, but the opposite is so for some other countries and you are guilty until you can prove your innocence. This paper will serve to…show more content…
Since then, efforts have been made to enact basic laws concerning criminal justice administration. It was in 1979, after the period of "Cultural Revolution" which lasted for ten years, that the Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Law were enacted. At the same time, laws concerning the organization and function of the courts and public prosecution were also re-organized. Basic laws with regard to the lawyers, arrest and detention of the suspects, civil suit procedures, marriages, etc. have been established. The Chinese Criminal Law takes the concept of Marxism, Leninism and Mao Zedong as its guide (Lectlaw Staff, n.d.). In China’s Criminal Law, crimes are classified into eight categories according to the object of the crime. The Law takes the Constitution as its basis. Article 28 of the Constitution stipulates that: The State maintains public order and suppresses treasonable and other counter-revolutionary activities; it penalizes acts that endanger public security and disrupt the socialist economy and other criminal activities, and punishes and reforms criminals (Lectlaw, n.d.). The Criminal Law provides that Principal Punishments are classified as control, criminal detention, fixed term imprisonment, life imprisonment and death penalty. Control is a criminal penalty imposed for minor offences. Criminal detention is a criminal penalty imposed for relatively minor offences, and totally different from pre-trial detention The death
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