China 's Political And Social Structures

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China is the fastest emerging political power in the world, a power that in a short amount of time turned from a third-rate industrial nation with lots of raw potential, to the second largest economy and one of the largest militaries in the world. But is China’s political and social structures unique? Certainly, the Chinese system possesses certain aspects similar to what already exists in other modern nation-states and their governments, however, it is how these pieces coelute together into a coherent political and economic machine that makes the model unique. Politically, the Chinese Communist Party is quite unique. Most authoritarian political parties are either dominated by party elites who only pass on power to loyalists, or merely a military regime. The CCP, however, is significantly technocratic, and much more inclusive. Many members of the CCP are not just military leaders or individuals with law degrees, they also include engineers and more recently business leaders. Furthermore, although there is a level of patronage in Chinese politics and society known as Guanxi, in fact as Mingxing Liu states in his paper about advancement in the CCP Central Committee “the literature suggests that leaders were able to stay in power because they engaged in factional politics instead of selecting the most capable officials” (Victor Shih 2012) However, that was during the pre-Xi Jinping eras and quantifiable efforts have been made to combat corruption, especially in local
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