China 's Rural Crisis : China

1403 Words Apr 13th, 2016 6 Pages
China’s Rural Crisis The Qing dynasty ended in 1912 with a revolution; however, the dynasty had been in decline for more than a century before it fell. Corruption within the empire, population growth combined with food shortages, and the social unrest between the ethnic majority Han and the ruling Machu all contributed to the Qing dynasty’s downfall. Yet despite all of these internal issues, it was external pressures that caused the eventual collapse of Qing society. Foreign imperialism highlighted China’s backwardness to its own citizens and, and also heightened the already existing conflicts within China itself. It directly challenged the cultural nexus of power, which held China together for hundreds of years. This system combined the imperial examination system, standard marketing community, language of lineage, and popular religions to promote the cultural form of governance. These different aspects interwoven and provided a structure that guided the Chinese in the reproduction of state’s ideologies. However, their interdependence means if one part of the system failed, the domino effect will cause the entire power system to go down with it. This is what triggered China’s rural crisis in the early twentieth century. The urban transformations caused the collapse of standard marketing community, which affected the entire system. It nullified the trans-regional market model and grounded peasants to their land. It had profound consequences as it allowed the later…

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