China’s One Child Policy: A Detriment to the Nation Essay

1621 Words7 Pages
In 1979, China implemented a one child per family policy. This policy was designed to reduce crowding and to maintain a stable economy. Families who do not adhere to this policy are charged fines and are pressured to abort second or third pregnancies and to undergo sterilization surgery. They may also be subject to social ridicule and disproval. There are certain exemptions to this policy. For example, in certain areas of rural China, couples are allowed to have two children. If both individuals in a couple come from single child home, they too may be allowed to produce two children. While these exceptions may seem to increase the fairness of this policy, the policy itself is completely flawed and inefficient. This is a fundamentally wrong…show more content…
This is because in some areas of China, it is customary for a couple to move into the husband’s parental home after marriage in order to assist in caring for the husband’s parents. The husband’s parents pay the bride’s parents a “bridal price” in order to compensate for this loss (Bulte, Heerink, & Zhang, 2011). Having a son ensures that parents will have somebody to care for them when they are older. Due to this preference for male children over female children, sex selective abortion and female infanticide have become increasingly serious issues. This has led the Chinese government to pass multiple laws banning infanticide and banning the use of gender determining ultrasound technology (British Broadcasting Corporation, 2010). Even though the use of gender determining technology is banned in China, research shows that it is still being used (Zhu, Lu & Hesketh, 2008). Since, in most areas of China, couples are only allowed to have one child, couples will use this ultrasound technology to determine the sex of their baby, and then, if the baby is a girl, may choose to have an abortion (Zhu, Lu & Hesketh, 2008). The number of cases of female infanticide has also increased in China since the implementation of the one child policy (British Broadcasting Corporation, 2010). Couples with a strong male preference who give birth to a daughter may feel desperate enough to kill the baby. This is a horrific crime that
Open Document