China's One Child Policy

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Chinas one child policy

China has had a one child policy since 1980. The one child policy limits the fertility rate that each woman can have only one child in efforts to cut down the population, and undo what Mao Zedong did to early China. Mao’s goal was to make China the next superpower nation by encouraging people to have many children. Unfortunately, Mao did not know that he was moving China backwards with this kind of thinking. In 1949 after a long civil war over who controlled China, Mao Zedong took control of the newly communist country. Mao wanted China to become a bigger country with a stronger economy so he encouraged people to have more and more children. At the same time, Mao wanted more people to work in the factories and move to the cities. Many problems occurred in this process because too many people moved to the cities and there wasn't enough farmers for their new growing population and economy. Unfortunately, a huge famine occurred, and an estimated 30 million people starved to death as a result. After this disaster, Mao changed his beliefs and then decided he wanted people to stop having more than one child. By 1980 China's population had almost reached 1 billion, and the communist leaders feared that their population was growing too fast. The most logical solution was the one child policy. So, was China’s one child policy a compatible solution to their population problems?
Some studies show that the one child policy is doing the job of cutting down

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