China's One Child Policy Essay

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Government Action on Population Control and China's One Child Policy

One of the more extreme measures taken in an attempt to control population has been China's one-child policy. Population advocate Garet Hardin suggests the rest of the world adopt similar policies. This paper is to show a country's government acting on theories that Hardin is popular for and the ethical and environmental effects that it had on people and the land. Hardin fails to see the ethical problems laid out by governments that suppress peoples thoughts and beliefs. Hardin states that throughout most of history there's been no need for concern about population control. Nature would come along with epidemic diseases and take care of the matter for us. Disease
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Ma Yin Chu was the president of Beijing University and was one of the first people to voice his concern over the steady growth of China's population. Between 1959-1961 there was a great famine in China that got everyone's attention. Resources for such a large population were scarce. The government recognized that something had to be done about the population. Distribution of contraception's, promotion of late marriages, and two child families were all part of a post famine campaign by the government. This lasted less then four years as China's population began to increase again. The government began to release propaganda. The slogan Wan Xi Shao, Later - Longer - Fewer, ran through the streets of China. The efforts focused on the postponement of marriages, increased spacing of births, and the limitation of family sizes. The government's efforts were vastly ignored in the countryside. Around the time Ma Yin Chu began to publish articles on population, the Communist rule took over in China. The Communist were ruled by Mao Zedong. Mao directed most of his energy into the Chinese economy. In 1958, Mao created an economic plan called the great leap forward. This plan called for the people to use their will power to improve the economy. The lack of technology and capital made the plan back fire and lead the people into the great famine. In the early to mid 1960's the Communist party split into the radicals and the moderates. Mao

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