China’s One Child Policy

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China’s One Child Policy There are more than 1.3 billion people living and building families in China. Until a century ago, many Chinese families included multiple generations living in the same household. Today, though, it's no longer the norm. A typical Chinese family today includes a married man and woman with one child, and this is generally known as the core family. The percentage of core families continues to rise above other types of family units. This not due to a social coincidence, but a direct reflection of the Chinese government's population control policies. The National Population and Family Planning Commission of China (NPFPC) is a State agency responsible for population control, reproductive health and family planning across China. The NPFPC limits the number of children that Chinese couples may have. This is commonly known as the one-child policy.
China’s One-Child Policy was instituted on September 25, 1980, in an open letter to the citizens by the Chinese Communist Party. Up until that date, the government had campaigned locally and nationally for voluntary birth control and discouraged excess reproduction. The One Child Policy was created to deal with effects of a campaign that Chairman Mao had launched to encourage families to have more children. This had led to birthrates of over 4 children per family. The concept here was to produce offspring who would increase the workforce and swell the ranks of the People's Liberation Army.

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