China’s One Child Policy Violates Human Rights Essay

2144 Words9 Pages
Although there are many facets of human rights being abused and violated every day, the Chinese would mention their fight for reproductive rights as one of the first and foremost in their mind. In 1979, the Chinese government passed the One-Child Policy in an attempt to control the growth of their population. While this may have been a grand idea in theory, in reality this policy violates the human right to form a family. By limiting the amount of children a Chinese couple is allowed to produce, this policy is effectively forcing abortion, sterilization and is taking away the Chinese family’s right to make their own choices. The policy was created in 1979 and set a strong limit of one child per family. However, modern-day…show more content…
The Type II residents, however, tend to live in more urbanized areas, including towns, cities and their surrounding suburbs. People with this registration tend to have higher education, and tend to be a bit wealthier than their rural counterparts. Type II residents also tend to be under more governmental control. The women living in these areas find themselves under greater pressure to abide by, and sign into the one-child certificate program. Whether this is due to proximity to governmental establishments and the resulting pressures, or due to fear is up for debate. This unfairness, however, is still a violation of human rights. If all people are equal in the eyes of the law, why are some families allowed two children while others can only have one? Arguably, the Type I families living in an agriculture based homestead need more hands around the house to help with the chores and housework. While this concern is minimally addressed in the 1.5 child amendment to the policy, it still prevents families from building up a strong support network. This policy effectively goes against one of the longest laid foundations of Chinese society. As a society that has almost always valued large families, limiting a Chinese family’s ability to bear children goes against everything their culture values. The daughters of Chinese families move in with their husband’s family. The sons, on the other
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