China's Sudden Rise to Power Essay

1512 Words 7 Pages
In the current anarchic world, The United States acts as the global hegemon. However, China’s recent rise to power has lead international relations experts, Ikenberry, Mearsheimer, Subramanian, and Friedberg, to predict an upcoming power shift in the international system. China’s increasing control over the Asia-Pacific region has threatened U.S. power. According to Waltz, the realism paradigm interprets the anarchic structure of the international community, as a constant power struggle. Although each country may be different, to survive, they must all strive for power. Under the liberalism paradigm, the system is still anarchical but cooperation may be achieved by shared norms, and aligned political and economical interests. Nevertheless, because of the desire for power, and other accompanying issues such as threats to security, and differences in political views, the U.S. and China will engage in future military conflict.
A brief background of the international distribution of power will be helpful in understanding the premises for the realist argument. Currently, our world resides in a unipolar world, with U.S. as the global hegemony. Mearsheimer defines a hegemon as “a country that is so powerful that it dominates all other states” and when “no other state has the military wherewithal” to contest that power. Post WWII, a high bipolarity system existed between two major powers: the Soviet Union and the U.S. Although Waltz argues for the stability of a bipolar…

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