Chinese Foreign Policy And Its Effect On The Regional Order And Stability Of South China Sea

Decent Essays

The general consensus among scholars concludes that China is assertive (Chen, Pu & Johnston, 2014, 176). The assertive conduct of China can have an impact on the regional order and stability in South China Sea. The scholars have different views on the assertiveness of Chinese foreign policy (Chen et al., 2014, 176). The argument in favour of implementing assertive foreign policy affirms that China has good intentions regarding the South China Sea (Chen et al., 2014, 181). China is required to have an assertive conduct because a moderate approach would not bring regional stability (Fangyin, 2016, 877). The opposing argument on assertive foreign policy is concerned with the aggressive and provocative behaviour of China (Chen et al., 2014, …show more content…

China holds “historic rights to the South China Sea through its nine-dash line in most of the contested waterways in the region where it can extract resources” (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 77-78). The maritime claims and sovereign claims of China in the South China Sea through the nine-dash line must comply with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 78). “China had historic rights to the South China Sea through the nine-dash line until it ratified the UNCLOS in 1996” (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 78). China is bound to follow the international law to defend its sovereign rights despite the tribunal in the Hague ruling in favour of the Philippines (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 81).
The ruling of the tribunal in The Hague was hard on China (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 78). “The arbitrary decision of the tribunal has brought China to a legal crossroads” (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 82). The ruling has placed limitations to the maritime claims of China in the South China Sea (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 80). The maritime claims of China to water and airspace in the South China Sea was declared invalid under international law (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 76). China “cannot legally continue to declare military zones in the water or airspace around the reefs it occupies, nor can it do so more than 12 nautical miles from the rocks it controls” (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 80). The invalidated the maritime claims of China to the waterways in the South

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