Chinese Maritime Surveillance And Fisheries Law Enforcement Command
1837 Words8 Pages
Since the 1990s, tensions between Japan and China have been on the rise on the topic of the Senkaku, or Diaoyu islands in the East China Sea. The eight uninhabited islets, which are believed to be near rich oil and natural gas deposits, have been administered by Japan but historically claimed by China. China, asserting that its Ming Dynasty, which was from the years 1368-1644, covered the islets as part of its territory and included them on various maps and documents. However, China had never established a settlement of civilians or military on these islands. Japan, however, contests that there is no territorial dispute on the basis that it “laid claim to the islets on January 14, 1895, when the Japanese Cabinet issued a decision to…show more content… policy “since 1972 that the 1960 U.S.-Japan Security Treaty covers the islets, because Article 5 of the treaty stipulates that the United States is bound to protect ‘the territories under the Administration of Japan’ and Japan administers the Senkakus/Diaoyu Islands” (Manyin 2013). Due to this treaty, the United States must provide security for Japan in return for the right to station U.S. troops on Japanese territory. While the original stance of the U.S. was to take no stance on sovereignty despite its obligations to defend Japan, its stance has recently shifted to pro-Japan. Backing Japan’s increased militarization, U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel is now beginning to discuss with Japan “ways to update their security pact, may help assuage concern in Tokyo that Washington will favor China as its economic power grows” (Kelly 2014). As a response to the territorial security issue between China and Japan, the U.S. chose to side with Japan.
A liberal thinker would argue that U.S. support for Japan is founded in the desire for cooperation. Rather than the realist argument of international interactions being what is called a “Prisoners’ Dilemma,” which inevitably produces a suboptimal outcome due to lack of trust, the “Stag Hunt” approach is used. Kenneth A. Oye, in his book World Politics, defined the single-play stag hunt as “the temptation to defect to protect against the defection of others” which is then “balanced by the strong universal preference for stag