Chlamydia Host Chlamydia Essay

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Introduction Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which can affect those that are sexually active, which is to say that it can affect a very large range in age groups through-out the population. It is very interesting in that chlamydia is the most oft reported STI in the United States (Breguet, 2007) with over three million new cases each year (Silverstein & Silverstein-Nunn, 2006). Another very interesting fact is that chlamydia is known as a “silent” disease. That is to say that often times in both men and women there are no symptoms of infection (Ross, 2008). In fact as many as 85% of women and 40% of men who are currently infected are without symptoms (Silverstein, Silverstein, & Silverstein-Nunn, 2006). This can cause…show more content…
If left untreated chlamydia could cause sterility (Silverstein et al., 2006). Chlamydia often affects women’s internal reproductive organs (Woods, 2003). Because chlamydia often has no symptoms time is given to the bacteria to spread. It often can result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). In fact 50% of women with untreated chlamydia will develop PID (Dougherty, 2010). “PID is a leading cause of chronic pelvic pain, internal abscess formation, and infertility in women” (Kolesnikow, 2004). Some symptoms of PID may include lower abdominal pain, fever, vaginal discharge, painful urination, painful intercourse, and bleeding in between menstrual cycles (Breguet, 2007). These are very real and potentially severe consequences for something that a young woman may not know she even has. Social Environment The social environment encases a whole host of things such as socioeconomics, education, access to care, transportation, resources, working conditions, etc. Because chlamydia is mainly an infection of the young, many of the topics that fit into social environment play a role in the young either getting the infection, or not. I will discuss these in detail throughout the following section. In one study Buffardi, Thomas, Holmes, and Manhart (2008) found that certain ecosocial
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