Chocolate And Its Effect On Society

1282 Words6 Pages
Since their creation, humans have always sought after luscious, sweet, oily foods over more monotonous plant foods. In this new age of worldwide economies, chocolate bearing companies have shown momentous sales numbers. For example, Mars Inc., a massive chocolate company, displayed net sales of $18.4 billion in 2015 (Marshall 2016). Chocolate has connected people and kept countries’ economies running, and for some countries it is their main export. Chocolate is one of the most celebrated candies, and it 's hard to find someone who doesn’t enjoy this delectable treat. The exotic history of chocolate coincides with the many thresholds of big history. Throughout history, chocolate has evolved under the ravenous eyes of mankind, and has proven…show more content…
It has also been introduced as a crop plant into many tropical African and Asian countries.” (Kew 2015). When it was discovered in Aztec times, Europeans tried to move it across to Europe, but found that it could not grow in Europe’s cooler and drier climate, so chocolate had to be traded from the Americas. Chocolate became a huge part of the Columbian trade. Furthermore, “The seeds ("beans") of cacao contain fatty matter (40-50%), theobromine, small quantities of caffeine, tannins, polyphenols, nitrogen and fiber.” (Leopold 2016). Theobromine is an alkaloid that is common in morphine, cocaine, nicotine, caffeine, and strychnine (Clegg 2016). Chocolates sweet and addictive composition has made it a hard plant to grow, yet to most it is worth the trouble. So how did humans come across this plant? The first evidence of chocolate dates back to Pre-Columbian Mexico. The Olmec Indians were the first to cultivate cacao (Chocolate 2009). It is said that the Mayans made a drink called “xocoatl”, which is made from the cacao beans. It was reported that the drink was extremely bitter compared to modern day chocolate. Other reports also show that cacao played a major role in Aztec culture as well. They used the ancient forms of chocolate in religious rituals, and the beans could even be used in currency (Chocolate 2009). In all of these
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