preview

Cholera Outbreak in Haiti

Decent Essays
Cholera Outbreak in Haiti Vibrio cholerae is a bacterium that infects the intestines of humans (CDC, 2016). While there are several strains of vibrio cholerae, only two types have been known to cause cholera outbreaks and only one (type O1) is responsible for outbreaks globally (WHO, 2015). Cholera infection is an acute diarrheal disease (CDC, 2016). It is extremely virulent and can affect children and adults with equal severity if left untreated (WHO, 2015). Vibrio cholerae has a short incubation period of 2 to 5 days, an aspect of the disease that leads to severe patterns of outbreaks (WHO, 2015). 80% of individuals infected with the cholera bacterium are asymptomatic (WHO, 2015). However, the bacteria are present in infected…show more content…
Cholera – general information. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/cholera/general/index.html
Chao, D. L., Halloran, M. E., & Longini, I. M. (2011). Vaccination strategies for epidemic cholera in Haiti with implications for the developing world. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(17), 7081–7085. http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1102149108
Harris, J. B., LaRocque, R. C., Qadri, F., Ryan, E. T., & Calderwood, S. B. (2012). Cholera. Lancet, 379(9835), 2466–2476. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60436-X
World Health Organization (WHO) (2015, July). Cholera. Retrieved from
Get Access