Chracteristics of Effective School Principals

2545 WordsMar 19, 201111 Pages
Characteristics of Effective School Principals Lokman Mohd Tahir; Hamdan Said Faculty of Education Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, 81310, Johore. Hamidon A. Rahman Institut Aminuddin Baki, 69000, Sri Layang, Genting Highlands Abstract Researchers in the area of principalship have concluded that schools are effectively good as their principals. Despite some influential work of the effective schools research, Malaysians school principals are urged by the our former Directors General of Education, Datuk Abdul Rafie Mahat to lead the schools with effective leadership to ensure that the bearing and tone of the schools are implemented successfully aligned with students’ needs, national priorities and vision. Being as the most powerful and…show more content…
In order to determine the leadership effectiveness, we must understand that how teachers, as well as other individuals, construct their notions of effective leadership are based on their or within the organization itself (Rosser 2003). The conceptual framework The conceptual framework for this study was derived from the four integration leadership model developed by Bolman and Deal (1998). Bolman and Deal identified four perspectives called frames: human resource, structural, political and symbolic. The structural frames are associated with scientific management, administrative principles and bureaucracy. Thus, this frame represents a rational perspective associated with hierarchies. Leaders with structural frame solve problems by creating new rules, procedures, or processes or by restructuring the organization. The human resource frame is associated with human relations. This frame views individuals as resources and encourages participative decision making, to meet people’ needs, to motivate individuals to realize their own goals, and to attain the goals of the organization. Leaders deal with human resource problems adjusting their organization to fit people or by adjusting the people to fit the organization. The third leadership frame is the political frame. Political leaders are realistic and pragmatic advocates and negotiators, build network, power bases and create alliance. The last frame is symbolic frame. Symbolic leaders invent shared meaning for

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