Christianity And Islam : The Fundamental Nature Of Knowledge, Reality, And Existence

865 Words Jul 30th, 2015 4 Pages
I. Introduction
Religion can be defined as the “fear or awe one feels in the presence of a spirit or god” or as the “set of beliefs having to do with the gods, through which one is taught a moral system” (Hopfe 4). Philosophy is the “study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence” ("Definition of Philosophy"). Sometimes religion and philosophy overlap and the border between the two becomes blurred as individuals search for meaning and fulfillment in their lives. People around the world believe they have found the answers to life’s questions in the religions of Christianity or Islam, as well as in the philosophy of Buddhism. Although Islam and Christianity have specific beliefs that differ, they are unified by their belief in one God and other basic tenants, while Buddhism sets itself apart with the belief that God is not important to solving life’s problems that man is ultimately in charge of the future.
II. History
Christianity and Islam both branch from the same parent religion, Judaism. Christianity is the largest religion in the world today, while Islam is the fastest growing. When added together, their numbers “encompass more than half of humanity” (Volf et al. vii). Since globalization has brought the world closer than it has ever been before, Christians and Muslims now occupy many of the same cities in the world. Due to an increase in social engagement of these two religions, “tensions, even conflicts between Muslims and Christians, are…
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