Christians And Muslims During The First Crusade

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While God was ultimately given credit for the success and failures of both the Christians and Muslims, the most significant factors that contributed to the ultimate successes were both human and geographical. In both cases, successful conquest necessitated a cohesive religious force coupled with geographic support. Ultimately, the successes of the Christians during the first Crusade and the Muslims during the Second Crusade was a result of strong devotion to their respective faiths, strong and consolidated leadership, unity amongst themselves and in pursuits, and geographical advantages.
For the Christians during the first Crusade, a strong faith and a commitment to Christianity was crucial in fostering a success victory. First, the call to the Crusade by Pope Urban in 1095 focused on the sinfulness of the Christians and the need for reform, as well as the need to help fellow Christians (Urbans Call). The exceptional faith of the Christians is what motivated them to take up the arms for the Crusade, as depicted most specifically by the people’s Crusade led by Peter the Hermit (Albert of Aachen). While the people did gain a full remission of sins and some reward for their Crusading, they were so faithful that God would bring victory and to the leadership of Peter that they marched straight down to Jerusalem with very little thought of a possibility of defeat (Albert of Aachen). This force met an unprepared Muslim force, mostly because the Muslim forces were under dispersed

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