Christopher Columbus : An Italian Explorer And Navigator

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Christopher Columbus was an Italian Explorer and Navigator. He is known world-wide for the discovery of the “New World”. Columbus is credited with the discovery of the Americas because of his expedition across the Atlantic from Spain. His hope with this expedition was to find a new route to India instead of the long voyage around Cape of Good Hope. Columbus made a total of four voyages to the Caribbean and South America, between 1492 and 1504. He has credited for opening the Americas up to colonization of the Europeans. Christopher Columbus was born on October 31, 1451 in the Republic of Genoa which is now present-day Italy. When Columbus was in his 20’s he moved to Lisbon, Portugal. Later he moved again to Spain, and he remained…show more content…
Columbus proposed a three-ship voyage to several monarchs: the Portuguese king, Genoa, and Venice. Each time he was rejected. In 1486, Columbus proposed this idea to the Spanish monarchy of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon. They were mainly focused on a war with the Muslims, and their nautical experts weren’t sure about his plan, so they rejected Columbus. However the idea Columbus proposed must intrigued them because they kept him on a retainer. The Spanish army captured the last Muslim stronghold in Granada in January in 1492. Not too long after this the Spanish monarch agreed to finance Columbus’s expedition. Columbus was given three ships to sail with: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. Columbus and his three ships left in August of 1492. Columbus and his crew finally reached land after 36 days of sailing across the Atlantic. He and his crew landed on an island in the present day Bahamas. They claimed it for Spain. Columbus and his crew crossed paths with a shy but friendly group of natives. The groups were open to trade with each other and exchanged glass beads, cotton balls, parrots and spears. The European sailors also took note of the bits of gold the natives wore as jewelry. Columbus and his men continued on with their expedition. They visited the islands of Cuba (Columbus thought this was mainland China) and Hispaniola which is now
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