Chronic Mental Disorders Case Study

1202 WordsSep 25, 20175 Pages
Chronic mental disorders are associated with abnormally low physical fitness levels and premature death rates. One of the most common issues that people with mental illnesses face is unhealthy self-management (Kilbourne, 2017). Cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity are some of the conditions that challenge this population (Arbour-Nicitopoulos, 2017). Physical activity has been shown to promote blood and oxygen flow to the brain, increase nerve cell growth, and decrease blood pressure and resting heart rate. These physiological effects have been proven to reduced stress, anxiety and depression levels, and promote better cognitive functions, such as more concentration and improved learning ability (Watson, 2017). With the…show more content…
Current epidemiological data suggest a global prevalence of child and adolescent mental health disorders of approximately 20%, one of which depression is the most frequently diagnosed. Depression during youth is chronic and recurrent and is associated with morbidity and mortality (Brown, 2013). Physical activity interventions have been shown to have great outcomes when implemented with individuals with mental disorders in younger age groups. While participating in physical activity interventions that includes sports, adolescents develop honesty, sportsmanship, fairness, and moral judgment, and they also learn to obey rules and authority, self-control, conflict-resolution, skills to cope with disappointments, and to cooperate with others (Watson, 2017). Children and young adults living in residential treatment settings are more at risk for developing health problems, including being overweight (Strohler, 2007). Individuals with Autism may have delayed motor development, display low levels of engagement in daily living activities, and are unmotivated to engage in physical activity (Greyber, 2015). Despite these barriers, research has shown that those with Autism could possibly benefit from adjustments that encourage increased physical activity and decreased sedentary behaviors (Jones, 2017). One of the most common benefits from therapeutic physical exercise in children with this disorder is
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