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Chronic Obstructive Disease: Article Analysis

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Chronic obstructive disease (COPD) is an irreversible lung disease that comprises emphysema and chronic bronchitis which impedes airflow for normal breathing. Usually, this happens as a result of continual exposure to toxins found in cigarettes. Unfortunately, due to the nature of COPD most people expend an abundant of energy just to breathe. According to St. Florian’s article Nutrition and COPD - Dietary Considerations for Better Breathing (2009) it is stated: For most people, breathing is unconscious and perceived as effortless. Yet, for many patients with COPD, breathing requires a conscious effort. Because of this added effort, patients can increase their resting energy expenditure (REE) by up to 10% to 15%.4 As a result, if patients

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