Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd )

1541 Words May 11th, 2016 7 Pages
“Tens of millions of people around the world find it distressingly difficult to breathe owing to a combination of emphysema and chronic asthmatic bronchitis – a deadly duo known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Brody, 2012).” The overall disease-state, role of exercise, treatments, and implications are all interrelated when improving patient COPD. Throughout this paper, all will be addressed with the goal to better the understanding of COPD.
COPD is becoming prevalent disease within today’s society, ranking as the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and Europe (Kaufman, 2013). It is defined as a: preventable and treatable disease with some significant extrapulonary effects that may contribute to the severity in individual patients. Its pulmonary component is characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. The airflow limitation is usually progressive and associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lung to noxious particles or gasses (Decramer, Janssens & Miravitlles, 2012).
Overall, COPD is a term associated with either of the chronic respiratory diseases, bronchitis and ephemera. Chronic bronchitis is “the inflammatory response in the small airways, which causes narrowing and reduced airflow.” On the other hand, emphysema “causes the destruction of the alveoli which are the sacs in the lungs that have a key role in oxygen absorption and carbon dioxide elimination (Kaufman, 2013).” Inhaled substances lead the…
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