Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd )

1535 Words Oct 26th, 2014 7 Pages
Alex Rose
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Do you know what the third leading cause of death is among Americans? That’s right, it is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, which is an overall heading used to cover several conditions, all of which are characterized by blockage of air from the lungs, resulting in increasing breathlessness. The two main diseases that fall into this category are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. According to the American Lung Association, COPD affects the lives of more than 12 million adults in the United States. There is a large difference in the way an unaffected, healthy lung and a COPD stricken lung operates. Some people’s life styles and living environments put them at a higher risk for falling victim to COPD. To be diagnosed, a physician looks for certain criteria and runs specific tests. Patients with COPD have classic symptoms that manifest throughout the stages of the disease. Since COPD is an incurable aliment, treatment and control of symptoms is the medical approach as living with COPD requires extra care to keep breathlessness under control as the stages of the disease progresses with time. To understand the effects that COPD had on a patient, one must first comprehend how the normal, healthy lung functions. The lungs are a pair of porous organs located in the thoracic cavity. The respiration process started when air is inhaled into the trachea, then it is distributed to the bronchi, and then divided into treelike…
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