Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd )

1722 Words Dec 4th, 2016 7 Pages
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of gradual, incapacitating respiratory conditions, which include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It is generally characterized by reduced breathing capacity, airflow restriction in the lungs, a persistent cough, and other various symptoms. COPD is notoriously associated with a history of cigarette smoking and has become the number one contributor to mortality in chronic disease of the lower respiratory tract. It is also defined as a preventable and treatable disease with some additive pulmonary effects. The pulmonary component of COPD is defined by airflow limitation that is not deemed to be completely reversible. The aspect of airflow limitation is generally a gradual process and is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response in the lung to foreign gases or particles (McCance, 2014).
The disease is quite common, affecting millions of Americans, and has forced its way all the way up to being the third leading cause of death in the U.S. Consequently, COPD is also associated with significant hardships in other aspects of life. Adults with COPD may have limitations during activities of daily living such as walking or climbing stairs (CDC, 2016). They may be unable to work and might require special equipment such as oxygen tanks (Wheaton et Al. 2013). They may present with other chronic diseases such as arthritis, CHF, diabetes, CHD, stroke, or asthma (Cunningham et al. 2015). Alongside those hardships, they may…
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